The Household Integrated Economic Survey 2018-2019, about the Education in Pakistan, tells that 61 percent of the population (10 years or older) has ever attended the school. The figure is consistent with the surveys conducted back in 2011-2012 and 2013-2014. This survey accounted for population (10 years or older) who were out of school i.e. had never attended the school and the dropouts.
Quality Education is one of the 17 interlinked Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) designed and adopted by United Nations to monitor Post 2015 development plans. The aim is to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all by the year 2030.
Keeping in view, a survey was conducted by Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) to monitor and report the progress made on all the SDGs. One of the key findings of the survey is that around 61 percent of the population (10 years or older) has claimed that they have ever attended the school. The further breakdown of the survey results indicate that around 30 percent of the population were out of school, out of which 24 percent had never attended the school and approx. 7 percent were dropouts.
Out of school refers to the population who had never been to school as well as those who had been to school at some point of time but quit later on . A survey result claimed that, overall 30 percent of the population aged 5 to 16 is out of school in Pakistan in 2018 – 2019 as compared to 33 percent in 2013-14. There is a high proportional disparity between the provinces. For instance, Baluchistan has the highest out of school percentage while Punjab having the lowest. The breakdown of figure also tells that approximately 24 percent children aged between 5 to 16 years have never been to school in Pakistan. The percentage is highest in Baluchistan, followed by Sindh and than in Punjab. Moreover, the proportion of dropouts is comparatively lower and has a consistent pattern in all provinces of Pakistan.
However, these figures alone do not give a conclusive picture about the state of Education in Pakistan. There are several other factors such as literacy rate, Net Enrolment and Gross Enrolment rates for different age groups in Pakistan which collectively can draw a much vivid picture of the subject.
Note: This is a secondary research data compiled by Desk Research team at IFT led by leading Sociologist Mohsin Muslim. The stats and figures were taken from Household Integrated Economic Survey 2018-2019 report published by Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.